Floating garbage and plastics
The plastic that ends up in the planet seas causes damage for over $ 13 billion a year, including the fishing and tourism sectors economic losses and the beach cleaning up costs .
The European Union sets the guidelines that direct the Member States to behave and act according to principles suitable for protecting the environment.
The Community must therefore envisage measures that actively contribute to safeguarding the environment.
In Mediterranean Sea
On the open sea, on the seabed and on the Mediterranean beaches, plastic represents 95% of the waste and comes mainly from Turkey, Spain, Italy, Egypt and France. The microplastics are the smallest and most insidious fragments and reach record concentrations almost 4 times higher than those recorded in the North Pacific "plastic vortex". Microplastics enter the food chain, threaten animal species and are a risk to human health.
Cleaning and protecting the Mediterranean from plastics is possible but requires the commitment and collaboration of all: institutions, companies and individuals.
In 2018, UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) placed plastic in the oceans among the six most serious environmental emergencies. Larger waste comes from common and often disposable objects such as bags, filters cigarettes, balloons, bottles, caps, or straws.
Taking care of the ecosystem inevitably means implementing two fundamental practices: prevention and remediation.
The virtuous action of the TJP initiative plans to identify and implement intervention models (business) to;
governments and populations sensibilization referring to the area of intervention
attract public and private funding sources
give concrete and measurable results in the short run
be scalable and duplicable in other contexts
beeconomically as sustainable as possible
generate jobs and redistribute of income
encourage the development of recycling activities
give the maximum guarantees of success
Jonathan-George is the device that activates the extraction of plastic from the sea. >>> See the sheet:
The initiative implementation and success see the maximum commitment in communication.
The only device to be produced is the George boat.
Containers, container ships, container terminals, cranes, lorries and trucks, container carrier trains and plastic separation and recycling centers are all means and infrastructures that already exist.
The mother ship, with containers and George boats on board, reaches the intervention site and drops the boats into the sea. Each boat carries and fills its container and give it back to the ship's side where an empty container is lowered to rechange the full one that is hoisted on board. In bad weather occasion, the mother ship hoists all the boats on board, making them safe. When all the containers are full there are two chances: or the mother ship with the George on board sail back to the port to unload the full and load the empty containers or a second mother ship with empty containers reaches the intervention site to replace the first mother ship.
The George System Logic Line
George was not born from the intention of "inventing" the best means of extracting plastic and waste from the sea but from the idea of the need to verify the entire garbage recovery cycle, from collection to the final result, to develop a rational, economically sustainable system , feasible on a large scale and certainly effective.
The logical path followed is as following:
There are rubbish poisonous accumulations on the waters of seas, lakes, rivers etc.
International laws are increasingly incisive in imposing reclamations and remediations.
There is a social sensitivity to the environmental problem and it is also always growing.
|1) The floating garbage removal is needed.
| What to do with?
|2) According to the trajectory of the sustainable and circular economy, it is necessary to recover what is useful and recyclable from the garbage .
|Are there cost limits for environment or you can spend any amount?
3) The social acceptable and sustainable cost is a must; possibly to be spread over numerous funding sources.
An excessive cost makes the continuous and effective implementation of any idea unacceptable and therefore impossible.
|Why must operations be continuous over time to be effective?
4) The garbage amount to be collected at the various accumulation points is always in the tons hundreds of thousands order.
To have an effective result you need to work every day for years, with any existing or futuristic device.
| Where do we have to carry this garbage?
|5) In sorting and recycling centers. In Italy the CoRePla consortium members?
| How the transport must be performed to be economically acceptable?
|6) With traditional and normally available existing means: ships, trucks and trains.
So we have to extract the garbage from the water, bring it to the ground, load it on a transport and unload it in a recycling center.
What is the best packaging system for these movements?
7) The container.
The container is an existing, standardized and universally distributed tool.
The only necessary feature is that the used containers are able to let out excess water.
At sea there there is a types plurality of container ships, from very small to immense and setted up with any equipment.
On land there are terminals port perfectly equipped to manage them and in that transport specialized trucks and trains.
In recycling centers they can be rationally stored without making too much dirt.
|Where are these garbage located?
|8) The garbage is offshore, from a sailing few hours to a few days.
|What is the most tested and used system so far for extracting solids from water?
|9) The lifting conveyor: it is a "rough" but extremely reliable machine, easy to manufacture and simple to maintain, with sure effectiveness.
|What if we use large lifting belts equipped ships?
10) These large ships should be designed and built and they would have such a cost that prevents their widespread diffusion.
They would end almost inevitably to upload loose garbage into the hold.
In the port, it would be necessary to extract the garbage from the hold with buckets and deposit it in the containers: a long and not very clean job.
The round trip time between the intervention site and the port and the unloading time would be subtracted from the remediation time.
The single ship characteristics (extraction capacity) would be univocal and not adaptable to the intervention site
|Could garbage and plastics separation, treatment and container storage be carried out on the ship?
11) On a ship it is possible to carry out any activity and organize any workshop.
It's clear that the same activity carried out at sea instead of ashore has a multiplied cost.
Factory ships for the immediate processing of the catch fish, for example, are functional to the fact that the fish deteriorates.
Garbage does not deteriorate and how to work has therefore only the economic lowest cost dependence.
|What alternative solution can be adopted?
12) Use boats capable of directly loading containers,
that don't have to return to port with every load,
that they should not sail on the high seas, because they are unsuitable,
that can be protected from sea storms and tears,
that can be displaced in large numbers,
that are cheap.
|Do boats with these characteristics exist on the market or in the state of the art?
|13) The existing boats unload the crop on the deck or in for each boat characteristic cases and in any case not in standard containers.
|So a new and specialized boat for this type of intervention is needed?
|14) An innovative boat is needed and this boat is "George".
|And how do we get it to the intervention site?
|15) George is carried by the container mother ship.
|What is needed and how is the whole process organized?
15) The single "team" will be setted up as follows:
- two medium-small size container ships equipped with cranes;
- an adequate number of non-watertight containers;
- an adequate number of George boats;
- a landing in terminal container;
- trucks and trains container carrier;
- recycling center.
|How is the activity carried out?
16) The single team activity lasts for years and takes place with this cycle:
a) The first ship, with empty containers and George boats on board, reaches the intervention site;
b) the first ship drops the George boats into the water and they begin to work continuously;
c) George boats shuttle between the collection areas and the mother ship;
d) the ship always occupies a central position with respect to the distribution of George boats;
e) the ship hoists the full containers and provides the replacement by lowering the empty ones;
f) when the full containers load is almost finished the second ship, with a load of empty containers, leaves the terminal;
g) when the second ship reaches the intervention area the first leaves and returns;
h) the first ship docks with the loading of containers that are landed with direct loading on trucks or trains;
i) in case of bad weather the mothership hoists the George boats on board, making them safe;
l)spare parts and workshop for George boats maintenance or repair are on board the mothership.
|How do you find necessary devices and services?
17) Ships and containers for hire
terminals, trucks and trains at fare
George in purchase.
|How are the costs incurred?
18) Costs must find distributed funding sources:
states, regions and supranational bodies public funding ;
tycoon partnerships and companies looking for a positive return on their image;
sale of the crop to recycling centers (minimum incidence around 0.1 €/kg);
recycled plastic products added value share (approx. 0.05 €/kg going from 0.1 to 0.15 €/kg);
general advertising and recycled plastic products sustainability brand .
|There are several floating waste concentration areas: how long will it take?
19) The needed time, tens of years in anyway, is a direct consequence of the activated teams number.
The process can be cloned as many times as allowed by economic factors.
Different teams can be envisaged on the single garbage accumulation area.
Thousands of boats can be imagined operating in all seas, oceans, rivers and lake different areas .
The achievable goal is not the floating plastics elimination but a significant damage reduction.
The state of the art